Toulouse is situated in the south of France, in the northern tip of the Haute-Garonne département, between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The city lies on a bend in the River Garonne which, flowing down from the Pyrenees, heads north-east before changing direction in Toulouse to head north-west towards the Atlantic Ocean. In clear weather, the Pyrenean mountain range can be seen to the south of the city. It was on this bend of the river, a natural crossroads, that the first people settled and Toulouse was founded.
Major European road links meet here, such as the east-west E80 linking Lisbon to Rome, the north-south E9 linking Paris to Barcelona or the future road link which will open up the continental route between Zaragoza and Lyon. The following table shows the major road links around Toulouse.
Geographically speaking, the city lies 122 kilometres from Aneto, the highest mountain (3,404 metres) in the Pyrenees and the source of the Garonne river in the Maladeta mountain range in Spain, 144 kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea in Gruissan in the Aude département to the east and 233 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean in Capbreton in the Landes département to the west.
How to get here
Toulouse-Blagnac airport is the 5th largest airport in France with over 6.5 million passengers in 2010. It provides direct flights to 87 destinations, 73 of which are international flights. There are 72 flights a day between Toulouse and Paris (flight time: 1 hour).
Link to Toulouse-Blagnac airport
In late 2013 a TGV high-speed rail link opened between Toulouse and Barcelona. By 2020, Toulouse and Paris will also be linked by TGV.
A large number of rail links have long been running between Toulouse and other French cities (Bordeaux, Montpellier, Lourdes, Biarritz etc.) as well as Paris. There is also a very well-developed network of regional trains linking Toulouse to all the other large towns in the Midi-Pyrénées region and also to major towns in other regions (Carcassonne in Languedoc-Roussillon, Pau and Agen in Aquitaine etc.).
Link to Toulouse-Matabiau train station
Toulouse lies on a crossroads of many motorways: to the north, the A62 towards Bordeaux and the A20 to Paris; to the west, the A64 towards Biarritz; to the south, the A66 towards Barcelona; and to the east towards Montpellier (A61) and Albi (A68).
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